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Community Outreach on February 15 2016: WEI Monday Bilingual Education Lecture






















Contents of the Lecture:

AMERICAN GOVERNMENT /美国政府
A. Principals of American Democracy/美国民主原则
1. What is the supreme law of the land?/美国的最高法律是什么?
答:The Constitution /宪法
2. What does the Constitution do?/宪法的作用是什么?
答:Sets up the government /建立政府体制
答:Defines the government /定义政府
答:Protects basic rights of Americans保护美国人的基本权利
3. The idea of self-government is in the first three words of the Constitution. What are these words? /宪法的前三个字说明自治的概念。这三个字是什么?
答:We the People /我们人民
4. What is an amendment?/什么是修正案?
答:A change (to the Constitution) /(宪法的)更正
答:An addition (to the Constitution) /(宪法的)补充
5. What do we call the first ten amendments to the Constitution?/宪法的前十项修正案称为什么?
答:The Bill of Rights /权利法案
*6. What is one right or freedom from the First Amendment? /列举宪法第一条修正案中的一项权利或自由
答:Speech /言论自由
答:Religion /宗教自由
答:Assembly /集会结社的自由
答:Press /出版自由
答:Petition the government /向政府请愿的自由
7. How many amendments does the Constitution have? /宪法有几条修正案?
答:Twenty-seven (27) /二十七(27) 条
8. What did the Declaration of Independence do?/《独立宣言》的作用是什么?
答:Announced our independence (from Great Britain) /宣布美国(脱离英国而)独立
答:Declared our independence (from Great Britain) /宣告美国(脱离英国而)独立
答:Said that the United States is free (from Great Britain) / 表示美国(脱离英国而)独立
9. What are two rights in the Declarationof Independence?/列举《独立宣言》中的两项权利?
答:Life / 生命(的权利)
答:Liberty /自由(的权利)
答:Pursuit of happiness /追求幸福(的权利)
10. What is freedom of religion?/什么是宗教自由?
答:You can practice any religion, or not practice a religion. /你可以信仰任何宗教,也可以不信仰任何宗教
*11. What is the economic system in the United States?/美国的经济制度是什么?
答:Capitalist economy /资本主义经济
答:Market economy /市场经济
12. What is the “rule of law”?/“法治”是什么
答:Everyone must follow the law. /人人都应遵守法律
答:Leaders must obey the law. /领导人必须遵守法律
答:Government must obey the law. /政府必须遵守法律
答:No one is above the law. /没有任何人在法律之上
B. System of Government/政府体制
*13. Name one branch or part of the government./列举政府体制的一个分支或部门
答:Congress /国会
答:Legislative /立法部门
答:President /总统
答:Executive /行政部门
答:The courts /法院
答:Judicial /司法部门
14. What stops one branch of government from becoming too powerful?/什么防止一个政府分支变得过于强大?
答:Checks and balances /制衡
答:Separation of powers /权力分立
15. Who is in charge of the executive /谁负责行政部门?
答:The President /总统
16. Who makes federal laws?/谁制定联邦法律?
答:Congress /国会
答:Senate and House (of Representatives)/参议院和众议院
答:(U.S. or national) legislature /(美国或国家)立法部门
*17. What are the two parts of the U.S. Congress?/美国国会由哪两个部分组成?
答:The Senate and House (of Representatives) /参议院与众议院
18. How many U.S. Senators are there?/美国参议员有几位?
答:One hundred (100) /一百(100) 位
19. We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years?/我们选出的美国参议员任职多少年?
答:Six (6) /六年
*20. Who is one of your state’s U.S. Senators?/您所在州的现任一位美国参议员的名字是什么?
答:请点击查看您所在州的现任参议员。
21. The House of Representatives has how many voting members?/众议院中有投票权的众议员有几位?
答:Four hundred thirty-five (435) /四百三十五(435) 位
22. We elect a U.S. Representative for how many years?/我们选出的美国众议员任职多少年?
答:Two (2) /两(2)年
23. Name your U.S. Representative./列举您所在选区的美国众议员的名字?
答:请点击查看您所在州的议员名字。
24. Who does a U.S. Senator represent?/美国参议员代表何人?
答:All people of the state /其所在州的所有人民。
25. Why do some states have more Representatives than other states? /为什么有些州的众议员人数比其他州多?
答:(because of) the state’s population/(由于)该州的人口。
答:(because) they have more people /(由于)该州有更多人口。
答:(because) some states have more people /(由于)该州的人口比其他州多
26. We elect a President for how many years?/我们选出的总统任职多少年?
答:Four (4) /四(4) 年
*27. In what month do we vote for President?/我们在哪一个月份选总统?
答:November /十一月
*28. What is the name of the President of the United States now?/现任美国总统的名字是什么?
答:Barack Obama /巴瑞克.欧巴马
29. What is the name of the Vice President of the United States now?/现任美国副总统的名字是什么?
答:Joe Biden/裘.拜登
30. If the President can no longer serve, who becomes President?/如果总统不能视事,则由谁成为总统?
答:the Vice President /副总统
31. If both the President and the Vice President can no longer serve, who becomes President?/如果总统和副总统都不能视事,则由谁成为总统?
答:the Speaker of the House /众议院议长
32. Who is the Commander in Chief of the Military? /谁是三军统帅?
答:the President /总统
33. Who signs bills to become laws?/谁签署法案使之成为法律?
答:the President /总统
34. Who vetoes bills? /谁否决法案?
答:the President /总统
35. What does the President’s Cabinet do?/总统的内阁做什么事?
答:advises the President /向总统提出建议
36. What are two Cabinet-level positions?/两个内阁级别的职位是什么?
答:Secretary of Agriculture /农业部长
答:Secretary of Commerce /商务部长
答:Secretary of Defense /国防部长
答:Secretary of Education /教育部长
答:Secretary of Energy /能源部长
答:Secretary of Health and Human 健康与人类服务部长
答:Secretary of Homeland Security /国土安全部长
答:Secretary of Housing and Urban 住宅与都市发展部长
答:Secretary of Interior /内政部长
答:Secretary of State 国务卿
答:Secretary of Transportation/交通部长
答:Secretary of Treasury /财政部长
答:Secretary of Veterans’ Affairs /退伍军人事务部长
答:Secretary of Labor /劳工部长
答:Attorney General /司法部长
答:Vice President /副总统
37. Does the judicial branch do?/司法部门做什么?
答:Reviews laws /审查法律
答:Explains laws /解释法律
答:Resolves disputes (disagreements)/解决争论(意见不一致)
答:Decides if a law goes against the Constitution /决定某一法律是否抵触宪法
38. What is the highest court in the United States? /美国最高法院是什么?
答:The Supreme Court /联邦最高法院
39. How many justices are on the Supreme Court? /最高法院有几位大法官?
答:Nine (9) / 9 位
40. Who is the Chief Justice of the United States? /美国首席大法官是谁?
答:John Roberts (John G. Roberts, Jr.)/约翰‧罗伯兹(小约翰G.罗伯兹)
41. Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the federal government. What is one power of the federal government? /根据我国宪法,有些权力属于联邦政府。联邦政府的一项权力是什么?
答:to print money /印制钞票
答:to declare war /宣战
答:to create an army /创立军队
答:to make treaties /签订条约
42. Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the states. What is one power of the states? /根据我国宪法,有些权力属于州政府。州政府的一项权力是什么?
答:Provide schooling and education /提供学校及教育
答:provide protection (police) /提供保护(警察)
答:Provide safety (fire departments) /提供安全(消防局)
答:Give a driver’s license /核发驾驶执照
答:Approve zoning and land use /批准区划与土地使用
43. Who is the Governor of your state?/您居住州的现任州长是谁?
答:请点击查看您所在州的现任州长。
*44. What is the capital of your state?/你所在州的首府为何?
答:请点击查看你所在州的首府。
*45. What are the two major political parties in the United States? / 美国当今两大政党为何?
答:Democratic and Republican /民主党和共和党
46. What is the political party of the President now? /现任总统属于哪个政党?
答:Democratic (Party) /民主党
47. What is the name of the Speaker of the House of Representatives now?/众议院的议长是谁?
答:Paul Ryan/保罗.莱恩
C. Rights and Responsibilities/权力与责任
48. There are four amendments to the Constitution about who can vote. Describe one of them./宪法中有四个关于谁可以投票的修正案。试举一个。
答:Citizens eighteen (18) and older (can vote). /十八(18) 岁以上的公民(可以投票)
答:You don’t have to pay (a poll tax) to vote. /您投票不必缴钱(缴投票税)
答:Any citizen can vote. (Women and men can vote.) /任何公民都可以投票(男性与女性都可以投票)
答:A male citizen of any race (can vote) 任何种族的男性公民(都可以投票)
*49. What is one responsibility that is only for United States citizens? 列举一项美国公民才有的责任?
答:Serve on a jury /当陪审员
答:Vote /在联邦选举中投票
50. Name one right only for United States citizens./列举一项美国公民才享有的权利
答:Vote in a federal election /在联邦选举中投票的权利
答:Run for federal office /竞选公职的权利

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