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Community Outreach: The WEI Bilingual Training Center Lecture on January 18 2016

The Whole Elephant Institute Bilingual Training Center delivered two and half hours of bilingual lectures directly to 500 students through the WeChat platform at 10:00 P.M. on January 18, 2016. The bilingual teaching materials are posted here:

Voice Files:

Part One:

A. Principals of American Democracy/美国民主原则
1. What is the supreme law of the land?/美国的最高法律是什么?
答:The Constitution /宪法
2. What does the Constitution do?/宪法的作用是什么?
答:Sets up the government /建立政府体制
答:Defines the government /定义政府
答:Protects basic rights of Americans保护美国人的基本权利
3. The idea of self-government is in the first three words of the Constitution. What are these words? /宪法的前三个字说明自治的概念。这三个字是什么?
答:We the People /我们人民
4. What is an amendment?/什么是修正案?
答:A change (to the Constitution) /(宪法的)更正
答:An addition (to the Constitution) /(宪法的)补充
5. What do we call the first ten amendments to the Constitution?/宪法的前十项修正案称为什么?
答:The Bill of Rights /权利法案
*6. What is one right or freedom from the First Amendment? /列举宪法第一条修正案中的一项权利或自由
答:Speech /言论自由
答:Religion /宗教自由
答:Assembly /集会结社的自由
答:Press /出版自由
答:Petition the government /向政府请愿的自由
7. How many amendments does the Constitution have? /宪法有几条修正案?
答:Twenty-seven (27) /二十七(27) 条
8. What did the Declaration of Independence do?/《独立宣言》的作用是什么?
答:Announced our independence (from Great Britain) /宣布美国(脱离英国而)独立
答:Declared our independence (from Great Britain) /宣告美国(脱离英国而)独立
答:Said that the United States is free (from Great Britain) / 表示美国(脱离英国而)独立
9. What are two rights in the Declarationof Independence?/列举《独立宣言》中的两项权利?
答:Life / 生命(的权利)
答:Liberty /自由(的权利)
答:Pursuit of happiness /追求幸福(的权利)
10. What is freedom of religion?/什么是宗教自由?
答:You can practice any religion, or not practice a religion. /你可以信仰任何宗教,也可以不信仰任何宗教

Part Two:

Of the Origin and Design of Government in General, with Concise Remarks on the English Constitution
SOME writers have so confounded society with government, as to leave little or no distinction between them; whereas they are not only different, but have different origins. Society is produced by our wants, and government by our wickedness; the former promotes our happiness POSITIVELY by uniting our affections, the latter NEGATIVELY by restraining our vices. The one encourages intercourse, the other creates distinctions. The first is a patron, the last a punisher.
Society in every state is a blessing, but Government, even in its best state, is but a necessary evil; in its worst state an intolerable one: for when we suffer, or are exposed to the same miseries BY A GOVERNMENT, which we might expect in a country WITHOUT GOVERNMENT, our calamity is heightened by reflecting that we furnish the means by which we suffer. Government, like dress, is the badge of lost innocence; the palaces of kings are built upon the ruins of the bowers of paradise. For were the impulses of conscience clear, uniform and irresistibly obeyed, man would need no other lawgiver; but that not being the case, he finds it necessary to surrender up a part of his property to furnish means for the protection of the rest; and this he is induced to do by the same prudence which in every other case advises him, out of two evils to choose the least. Wherefore, security being the true design and end of government, it unanswerably follows that whatever form thereof appears most likely to ensure it to us, with the least expense and greatest benefit, is preferable to all others.
In order to gain a clear and just idea of the design and end of government, let us suppose a small number of persons settled in some sequestered part of the earth, unconnected with the rest; they will then represent the first peopling of any country, or of the world. In this state of natural liberty, society will be their first thought. A thousand motives will excite them thereto; the strength of one man is so unequal to his wants, and his mind so unfitted for perpetual solitude, that he is soon obliged to seek assistance and relief of another, who in his turn requires the same. Four or five united would be able to raise a tolerable dwelling in the midst of a wilderness, but one man might labour out the common period of life without accomplishing any thing; when he had felled his timber he could not remove it, nor erect it after it was removed; hunger in the mean time would urge him to quit his work, and every different want would call him a different way. Disease, nay even misfortune, would be death; for, though neither might be mortal, yet either would disable him from living, and reduce him to a state in which he might rather be said to perish than to die.

Thus necessity, like a gravitating power, would soon form our newly arrived emigrants into society, the reciprocal blessings of which would supersede, and render the obligations of law and government unnecessary while they remained perfectly just to each other; but as nothing but Heaven is impregnable to vice, it will unavoidably happen that in proportion as they surmount the first difficulties of emigration, which bound them together in a common cause, they will begin to relax in their duty and attachment to each other: and this remissness will point out the necessity of establishing some form of government to supply the defect of moral virtue.



2 Comments to Community Outreach: The WEI Bilingual Training Center Lecture on January 18 2016:

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Anonyms on Saturday, July 7, 2018 10:15 AM
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aussie writers on Tuesday, July 17, 2018 11:22 AM
Would be lovely to come there at the event and enjoy the music. I am currently busy writing a project and will get free soon from the work and come there at the theater.
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