The Whole Elephant Institute Bilingual Training Center offered a bilingual lecture on Monday, January 25, 2016 to help 495 students to review bilingual studies on two subjects: "American Citizenship Test" and "Common Sense" by Thomas Paine. Also, the center is now starting to prepare for the upcoming three-month bilingual training workshop, which is scheduled to take place in May-July 2016. The interested students are encouraged to complete the issued examination for the first semester before invitation letters will be sent to the students who passed the exam.
全象学院双语培训中心于二零一六年美东时间一月二十五日晚十一点十分开始通过微信平台教授双语课，复习《美国公民入籍考试一百题》和托马斯·潘恩的《常识》。四百九十五位学员参加。全象学院双语培训中心己开始准备今年在纽约市的三个月双语培训作坊，为国内外有志于参加筹办全美第一系列以中西传统文化合璧为特色的中文特许公立学校 Public Charter School 的有识之士提供中英双语职业培训。计划在今年五月到七月举办。
The voice recording of the lecture can be downloaded from the following site:
The bilingual text of this lecture is posted here:
*11. What is the economic system in the United States?/美国的经济制度是什么？
答：Capitalist economy /资本主义经济
答：Market economy /市场经济
12. What is the “rule of law”?/“法治”是什么？
答：Everyone must follow the law. /人人都应遵守法律
答：Leaders must obey the law. /领导人必须遵守法律
答：Government must obey the law. /政府必须遵守法律
答：No one is above the law. /没有任何人在法律之上
B. System of Government/政府体制
*13. Name one branch or part of the government./列举政府体制的一个分支或部门
答：The courts /法院
14. What stops one branch of government from becoming too powerful?/什么防止一个政府分支变得过于强大？
答：Checks and balances /制衡
答：Separation of powers /权力分立
15. Who is in charge of the executive /谁负责行政部门？
答：The President /总统
16. Who makes federal laws?/谁制定联邦法律？
答：Senate and House (of Representatives)/参议院和众议院
答：(U.S. or national) legislature /（美国或国家）立法部门
*17. What are the two parts of the U.S. Congress?/美国国会由哪两个部分组成？
答：The Senate and House (of Representatives) /参议院与众议院
18. How many U.S. Senators are there?/美国参议员有几位？
答：One hundred (100) /一百(100) 位
19. We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years?/我们选出的美国参议员任职多少年？
答：Six (6) /六年
*20. Who is one of your state’s U.S. Senators?/您所在州的现任一位美国参议员的名字是什么？
Students are instructed to find the Senators from each state by licking on the following link:
As an example, students are instructed to clink the State of New York to find the following information:
New York became the 11th state to join the Union on July 26, 1788. New York’s first two senators, Rufus King and Philip Schuyler, took office on July 16, 1789. New York’s longest-serving senators include Jacob Javits (1957-1981) and Daniel Patrick Moynihan (1977-2001). Among those who rose to leadership positions are John Laurance, who served as the Senate’s president pro tempore, and James Wadsworth, Jr., who served as Republican Party whip. In 2001 Hillary R. Clinton became the first former First Lady to serve as a U.S. senator.
The two senators of New York State is: Senator Kristen Gillibrand and Senator Charles Schumer. On the link for Senator Kristen Gillibrand, the following letter to the general public is found.
"I believe accountability and transparency are essential to open and honest government. As your Senator, I am proud to lead by example as the first member of Congress ever to post their official daily meetings online every day, so New Yorkers can see who is lobbying their Senator and for what. I also strongly believe that taxpayers have a right to know how their representatives plan to spend their tax dollars, which is why I was among the first to voluntarily list all the earmark projects that I request federal funds for.
In addition, too often decisions in Washington have been dominated by special interests. Over time this has diminished the public's view of their elected leaders. As your Senator, I promise that all my decisions will be guided by what is best for New York, which is why I voluntarily post my personal financial disclosure forms online, so you can know that I work for you, not the special interest lobby.
Lastly, I think the media and the public have a very important role to play in our democracy and keeping elected officials honest, which is why I will continue to support measures to make more federal information available to the public on the internet and will advocate for shield laws for journalists and whistleblowers.
Earning your trust and operating my office in an open and transparent way is a priority for me.
The students are instructed to read this as their homework and will be read in bilingual format in the lecture on next Monday.
Then the students are led to review "Common Sense" by Thomas Paine:
Some convenient tree will afford them a State House, under the branches of which the whole Colony may assemble to deliberate on public matters. It is more than probable that their first laws will have the title only of Regulations and be enforced by no other penalty than public disesteem. In this first parliament every man by natural right will have a seat.
But as the Colony encreases, the public concerns will encrease likewise, and the distance at which the members may be separated, will render it too inconvenient for all of them to meet on every occasion as at first, when their number was small, their habitations near, and the public concerns few and trifling. This will point out the convenience of their consenting to leave the legislative part to be managed by a select number chosen from the whole body, who are supposed to have the same concerns at stake which those have who appointed them, and who will act in the same manner as the whole body would act were they present. If the colony continue encreasing, it will become necessary to augment the number of representatives, and that the interest of every part of the colony may be attended to, it will be found best to divide the whole into convenient parts, each part sending its proper number: and that the ELECTED might never form to themselves an interest separate from the ELECTORS, prudence will point out the propriety of having elections often: because as the ELECTED might by that means return and mix again with the general body of the ELECTORS in a few months, their fidelity to the public will be secured by the prudent reflection of not making a rod for themselves. And as this frequent interchange will establish a common interest with every part of the community, they will mutually and naturally support each other, and on this, (not on the unmeaning name of king,) depends the STRENGTH OF GOVERNMENT, AND THE HAPPINESS OF THE GOVERNED.
Here then is the origin and rise of government; namely, a mode rendered necessary by the inability of moral virtue to govern the world; here too is the design and end of government, viz. Freedom and security. And however our eyes may be dazzled with show, or our ears deceived by sound; however prejudice may warp our wills, or interest darken our understanding, the simple voice of nature and reason will say, 'tis right.
I draw my idea of the form of government from a principle in nature which no art can overturn, viz. that the more simple any thing is, the less liable it is to be disordered, and the easier repaired when disordered; and with this maxim in view I offer a few remarks on the so much boasted constitution of England. That it was noble for the dark and slavish times in which it was erected, is granted. When the world was overrun with tyranny the least remove therefrom was a glorious rescue. But that it is imperfect, subject to convulsions, and incapable of producing what it seems to promise is easily demonstrated.
Absolute governments, (tho' the disgrace of human nature) have this advantage with them, they are simple; if the people suffer, they know the head from which their suffering springs; know likewise the remedy; and are not bewildered by a variety of causes and cures. But the constitution of England is so exceedingly complex, that the nation may suffer for years together without being able to discover in which part the fault lies; some will say in one and some in another, and every political physician will advise a different medicine.