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Community Outreach: Monday WEI Bilingual Training Center Lecture on February 22 2016

Teaching materials are taken from this site:

51. What are two rights of everyone living in the United States? 每一个住在美国的人享有的两项权利是什么?
答:Freedom of expression /表达自由
答:Freedom of speech /言论自由
答:Freedom of assembly /集会结社的自由
答:Freedom to petition the government/向政府请愿自由
答:Freedom of worship /宗教崇拜的自由
答:The right to bear arms /持有武器的自由
52. What do we show loyalty to when we say the Pledge of Allegiance? 当我们宣誓效忠时,是向什么表达忠诚?
答:the United States /美利坚合众国
答:The flag /国旗
53. What is one promise you make when you become a United States citizen? /当您成为美国公民时做出的一项承诺是什么?
答:Give up loyalty to other countries /放弃效忠其他国家
答:Defend the Constitution and laws of the United States /护卫美国的宪法及法律
答:Obey the laws of the United States/遵守美国的法律
答:Serve in the U.S. military (if needed) 必要时)加入美国军队
答:Serve (do important work for) the nation (if needed) /(必要时)为国效劳(为国做重要工作)
答:Be loyal to the United States /效忠美国
*54. How old do citizens have to be to vote for President? /美国公民必须几岁才能投票选举总统?
答:Eighteen (18) and older /十八(18) 岁以上
55. What are two ways that Americans can participate in their democracy?/美国人参与民主政治的两种方法是什么?(注:回答下列任何两项即可)
答:Vote /投票
答:Join a political party /加入政党
答:Help with a campaign /协助竞选活动
答:Join a civic group /加入公民团体
答:Join a community group /加入小区团体
答:Give an elected official your opinion on an issue /向民选官员提供自己对某项议题的意见。
答:Call Senators and Representatives/拨电给参议员和众议员
答:Publicly support or oppose an issue or policy /公开支持或反对某个议题或政策
答:Run for office /竞选公职
答:Write to a newspaper /向报社投函
*56. When is the last day you can send in federal income tax forms? 寄送联邦所得税表的截止日期是哪一天?
57. When must all men register for the Selective Service? 所有男性到了哪个年龄必须注册「兵役登记」?
答:At age eighteen (18) /年满十八岁时
答:Between eighteen (18) and twenty-six (26) /十八(18) 岁至廿六(26) 岁之间
A. Colonial Period and Independence/殖民期与独立
58. What is one reason colonists came to America?/殖民者当初到美国的一项理由是什么?
答:Freedom /自由
答:Political liberty /政治自由
答:Religious freedom /宗教自由
答:Economic opportunity /经济机会
答:Practice their religion /从事宗教活动
答:Escape persecution /逃避迫害
59. Who lived in America before the Europeans arrived? 欧洲人抵达美国之前,谁已经居住在美国?
答:Native Americans /美国原住民
答:American Indians /美国印第安人
60. What group of people was taken to America and sold as slaves?/哪一群人被带到美国并被贩卖为奴?
答:Africans /非洲人
答:People from Africa /来自非洲的人
61. Why did the colonists fight the British?/殖民者为何与英国作战?
答:Because of high taxes (taxation without representation) /因为高额捐税(只缴税,没有代表权)
答:Because the British army stayed in their houses (boarding, quartering)/因为英国军队住在他们的住宅内(寄宿、宿营)
答:Because they didn’t have selfgovernment/因为他们没有自治权
62. Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?/《独立宣言》是谁写的?
答:(Thomas) Jefferson /(托马斯)杰斐逊(第三任总统)
63. When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?/《独立宣言》是何时通过采用的?
答:July 4, 1776 /1776 年7 月4 日
64. There were 13 original states.Name three. /美国原先有13 个州。请列举其中三个州。
答:New Hampshire /新罕布什尔
答:Massachusetts /麻萨诸塞
答:Rhode Island /罗得岛
答:Connecticut /康涅狄格
答:New York /纽约
答:New Jersey 纽泽西
答:Pennsylvania /宾夕法尼亚
答:Delaware /特拉华
答:Maryland /马里兰
答:Virginia /弗吉尼亚
答:North Carolina /北卡罗莱纳
答:South Carolina /南卡罗莱纳
答:Georgia /乔治亚
65. What happened at the Constitutional Convention? 制宪会议达成了什么事?
答:The Constitution was written. /拟定宪法
答:The Founding Fathers wrote the Constitution. /开国诸贤拟定了宪法
66. When was the Constitution written?/宪法是何时拟定的?
答:1787 年
67. The Federalist Papers supported the passage of the U.S. Constitution. Name one of the writers./《联邦论》支持美国宪法的通过。请列举一名《联邦论》的作者?
答:(James) Madison /(杰姆斯)麦迪逊(第四任总统)
答:(Alexander) Hamilton /(亚历山大)汉米顿(第一任财政部长)
答:(John) Jay /(约翰)杰伊(第一任首席大法官)
答:Publius /普布利乌斯(以上三位共同笔名)
68. What is one thing Benjamin Franklin is famous for? 班哲明‧富兰克林著称的一项事迹是什么?
答:U.S. diplomat /美国外交官
答:Oldest member of the Constitutional Convention /制宪会议年纪最长的成员
答:First Postmaster General of the United States /美国第一任邮政总局局长
答:Writer of “Poor Richard’s Almanac”/《穷人理查德年鉴》的作者
答:Started the first free libraries /开办第一个免费图书馆
69. Who is the “Father of Our Country”?/谁是「美国国父」?
答:(George) Washington /(乔治)华盛顿
*70. Who was the first President?/谁是第一任总统?
答:(George) Washington /(乔治)华盛顿(任职两届)
B. 1800s 1800年代
71. What territory did the United States buy from France in 1803?/美国在1803 年向法国购买哪块领地?
答:the Louisiana Territory /路易斯安那领地
答: Louisiana /路易斯安那
72. Name one war fought by the United States in the 1800s./列举一场美国在1800年代参与的战争。
答:War of 1812 /1812 年战争
答:Mexican-American War /美墨战争
答:Civil War /内战
答:Spanish-American War /美国与西班牙战争
73. Name the U.S. war between the North and the South. /请说出美国南方与北方之间战争的名称?
答:The Civil War /内战
答:The War between the States /州际战争
74. Name one problem that led to the CivilWar. /列举一项导致内战的问题
答:Slavery /奴隶制度
答:Economic reasons /经济原因
答:States’ rights /各州的权力问题
*75. What was one important thing that Abraham Lincoln did? /亚伯拉罕‧林肯的一项重要事迹是什么?
答:Freed the slaves (Emancipation Proclamation) /解放奴隶(解放宣言)
答:Saved (or preserved) the Union /拯救(保留)联盟
答:Led the United States during the Civil War /在内战期间引领美国
76. What did the Emancipation Proclamation do? /《解放宣言》达成了什么?
答:Freed the slaves /解放了奴隶
答:Freed slaves in the Confederacy /解放了联邦制下的奴隶
答:Freed slaves in the Confederate state 解放了联邦各州的奴隶
答:Freed slaves in most Southern states 解放了南方大部分州的奴隶
77. What did Susan B. Anthony do?/苏珊B. 安东尼的事迹是什么?
答:Fought for women’s rights /为女权奋斗
答:Fought for civil rights /为民权奋斗
C. Recent American History and Other Important Historical Information/美国近代史与其他重要的历史资料
*78. Name one war fought by the United States in the 1900s./列举一场美国在1900年代参与的战争?
答:World War I /第一次世界大战
答:World War II /第二次世界大战
答:Korean War /朝鲜战争
答:Vietnam War /越战
答:(Persian) Gulf War /(波斯湾)海湾战争
79. Who was President during World War I?/第一次世界大战期间的美国总统是谁?
答:(Woodrow) Wilson/(伍德罗)威尔逊
80. Who was President during the Great Depression and World War II?/美国经济大萧条和第二次世界大战期间的总统是谁?
答:(Franklin) Roosevelt/弗兰克林)
81. Who did the United States fight in World War II? /美国在第二次世界大战与哪些国家作战?
答:Japan, Germany and Italy /日本、德国、意大利
82. Before he was President, Eisenhower was a general. What war was he in?/艾森豪威尔在当总统以前是将军。他曾参加哪一场战争?
答:World War II /第二次世界大战
83. During the Cold War, what was the main concern of the United States?/在冷战期间,美国的主要顾虑是什么?
答:Communism /共产主义
84. What movement tried to end racial discrimination?/哪项运动试图结束种族歧视?
答:civil rights (movement) /民权(运动)
*85. What did Martin Luther King, Jr. do?/小马丁‧路德‧金的事迹是什么?
答:Fought for civil rights /为民权奋斗
答:Worked for equality for all Americans /为所有美国人争取平等
86. What major event happened on September 11, 2001 in the United States? /美国在2001年9 月11日发生了什么重大事件?
答:Terrorists attacked the United States. 恐怖份子攻击美国
87. Name one American Indian tribe in the United States./列举一个美国印地安人部族。
[Adjudicators will be supplied with a complete list.](USCIS 主考官将有联邦承认的美国印地安人部族清单)
答:Cherokee /切洛基(散居于奥克拉荷马与北卡罗来纳州一带,大族裔)
答:Navajo / 纳瓦荷(散居于亚利桑那州,新墨西哥州及犹他州一带,大族裔)
答:Sioux /苏
答:Chippewa /齐普瓦
答:Choctaw /乔克陶
答:Pueblo /布耶布洛
答:Apache /阿帕契
答:Iroquois /伊洛奎斯
答:Creek /库瑞克
答:Blackfeet /布雷克非特
答:Seminole /赛米诺利
答:Cheyenne /夏安
答:Arawak /阿拉瓦克
答:Shawnee /萧尼
答:Mohegan /莫希根
答:Huron /休伦
答:Oneida /欧尼达
答:Lakota /拉科塔
答:Crow /克洛
答:Teton /泰顿
答:Hopi /贺皮
答:Inuit /伊努特
A. Geography 地理
88. Name one of the two longest rivers in the United States./列举美国最长的两条河中的一条?
答:Missouri (River) /米苏里(河)
答:Mississippi (River) /密西西比(河)
89. What ocean is on the West Coast of the United States?/美国西岸濒临什么海洋?
答:Pacific (Ocean) /太平洋
90. What ocean is on the East Coast of the United States? /美国东岸濒临什么海洋?
答:Atlantic (Ocean) /大西洋
91. Name one U.S. territory./列举一个美国领地?
答:Puerto Rico /波多黎各
答:U.S. Virgin Islands /美属维京群岛
答:American Samoa /美属萨摩亚
答:Northern Mariana Islands /北马里亚纳群岛
答:Guam /关岛
92. Name one state that borders Canada./列举一个与加拿大毗连的州?
答:Maine /缅因州
答:New Hampshire /新罕布什尔州
答:Vermont /佛蒙特州
答:New York /纽约州
答:Pennsylvania /宾夕法尼亚州
答:Ohio /俄亥俄州
答:Michigan /密执安州
答:Minnesota /明尼苏达州
答:North Dakota /北达科塔州
答:Montana /蒙大拿州
答:Idaho /爱达荷州
答:Washington /华盛顿州
答:Alaska /阿拉斯加州
93. Name one state that borders Mexico./列举一个与墨西哥毗连的州?
答:California /加利福尼亚州
答:Arizona /亚利桑那州
答:New Mexico /新墨西哥州
答:Texas /得克萨斯州
*94. What is the capital of the United States?/美国的首都在哪里?
答:Washington, D.C. /华盛顿哥伦比亚特区
*95. Where is the Statue of Liberty?/自由女神像在哪里?
答:New York (Harbor) /纽约(港)
答:Liberty Island /自由岛
[Also acceptable are New Jersey, near New York City, and on the Hudson (River).](回答:新泽西,纽约市附近,或在哈德逊河均属正确答案)
B. Symbols 标志
96. Why does the flag have 13 stripes?/国旗上为何有十三个横条?
答:Because there were 13 original colonies /因为最早有十三个(英国)殖民地
答:Because the stripes represent the original colonies /因为横条代表最早的殖民地
*97. Why does the flag have 50 stars?/国旗上为何有五十颗星?
答:Because there is one star for each state /因为每州有一颗星
答:Because each star represents a state 因为每颗星代表一个州
答:Because there are 50 states /因为有五十个州
98. What is the name of the national anthem? /国歌的歌名为何?
答:The Star-Spangled Banner /星光灿烂的旗帜
C. Holidays 假期
*99. When do we celebrate Independence Day? /我们庆祝独立纪念日是在哪一天?
答:July 4 /七月四日(1776年)
100. Name two national U.S. holidays./试述两个美国国定假日?(注意:必须回答2 个答案)
答:New Year’s Day /新年(元旦)
答:Martin Luther King, Jr., Day /小马丁路德金纪念日
答:Presidents’ Day /总统日
答:Memorial Day /追悼日(美国阵亡将士纪念日)
答:Independence Day /独立纪念日
答:Labor Day /劳工节
答:Columbus Day /哥伦布日
答:Veterans Day /退伍军人节
答:Thanksgiving /感恩节
答:Christmas /(耶稣)圣诞节

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